Do all of us read every line of the booklet the stock broker give us to sign before creating a trading or Demat account? A very few do full reading and understanding about what are the accurate rules and clauses. We simply do sign about 20 signatures moreover give him every necessary documents. However do you make out what power is been given to him by signing the documents blindly?
So does this suggest that one shouldn’t sign the PoA contract while opening the account with an agent? If you do not want to, the broker cannot compel you to sign it while opening the account, but the advantages it offer, it would be smart to make such a deal and be cautious whilst operating it.If misrepresented, it cannot merely jeopardize your reserves, but also gives you unnecessary mental suffering.
So let us discuss one of the authorities you are giving to the brokerage – Power of Attorney. Prior to proceeding further let’s understand the PoA. Simply saying, you give in script the power to other person to do anything either generic or specific.
What precisely is a PoA?
A legal document to be executed by a buyer in favour of the stock broker. The agent has the power to trade for the client’s bank and Demat account on the customer’s behalf for easy release of shares and resolution of funds. Also, it enables automatic compilation of margin payments.
Client gets benefits since he can transact throughout his bank account effortlessly, facilitating easy payment and receipt of funds with the reassignment of securities. Client does not have to present the delivery slip in personal to the broker if in case of any sell transaction. Penalty expense to stock exchange can too be avoided.
Two big questions people face while giving PoA to the broker for opening trading and Demat accounts are-
Is it mandatory? If yes what kind of POA can one give?
After being gone through SEBI Circular dated 23rd April 2010 and aftermath explanation about few suspicions on the above said circular dated 30th Dec. 2010 indicate that POA is compulsory only for online account but not for offline accounts.
There had been several chances of brokers trading with the client account without their approval. Shares have misplaced from investors’ Demat account because brokers have sold them to prevent the losses if the customer failed to gather margin calls.
After getting several complaints about investors, SEBI standardized norms for drafting a PoA agreement. Now, the broker’s power is limited to transfer of funds and securities from clients’ bank and Demat accounts.
They cannot relocate securities of off-market trades or execute trade with the client’s name not including his written consent. Additionally, transfer of money from clients’ accounts for trade executed by him with other brokers, and amalgamating balances in dissimilar accounts to cancel out the withdrawal in single account is as well not permitted.
Underneath are the few measures what your broker could do on your behalf:
Transferring of the securities for stock exchange which happen due to trade execute by client on exchanges from the similar broker.
To oath the securities in support of share broker for limited time to meet the mere requirement of trade executed by the client.
To pertain for various stuffs like Mutual Funds, rights, Public Issues, etc. based upon the client directions which also include releases.
Funds transfer from client’s account in the subsequent cases.
For meeting agreement obligations and margin necessities for the trade done by the client from the stock exchange by the same share broker.
For recovering exceptional dues rising out of the client trading activities on the exchange from the similar share broker.
For meeting any other obligations of client subscription to products like offer of shares, public issues, mutual funds, etc.
For dues awaiting as charges or a fee to maintain DP account and trading account.
Few vital SHALL NOT things to be noted in relation to POA.
1) To transfer securities intended for off market trading but for other parties mentioned in the POA.
2) Transferring of funds from the client’s account for the trade done by client from another share broker.
3) To open a trading account along with any stock broker.
4) Execute trades without client consent.
5) Barring issue of release instruction slips to helpful owners.
6) Barring clients from the working account.
7) Merging balance from other accounts for nullifying debit in other account.
8) To create an email account in aid of the client for receiving statutory transactions.
9) To renouncing from liability rising out of directions provided by share broker to obstruct the client’s bank’s account.
Thus it is essential to keep an eye on the stock broker if one has given POA to the broker to operate Demat Account.